The forex market is by far the world’s most volatile market. It is also the most unpredictable market where all trading happens in real time. Forex trading therefore becomes a major challenge for even the most experienced forex bankers and traders. They have to study and analyze scores of factors before going ahead with a trade.
Earlier, only large banks were allowed to trade in currencies. Today anyone can become a forex trader. This has added to the liquidity in the market, and added to the number of individuals, speculators, traders and brokers active in the market.
Interestingly, there are no time zones or boundaries in the forex market. The trading starts early in Sydney every morning and travels through Asia and Europe to the US. This is why it is said that the forex market never sleeps. There is someone or some organization always trading in foreign currency in some market or the other.
All these markets work seamlessly. There is no central location from where trading in currency is conducted. The major centers are London, New York and Tokyo. In fact, during one part of the day – that is from 1 p.m. GMT to 4 p.m. GMT – the traders go in a frenzy because this is the time when the working of the US and European markets overlap. The volumes of currency that get traded during this period jumps; so does the number of trades.
Forex traders rely on several parameters to conduct their trade. The more successful or experienced traders follow their instincts based on years of experience of trading in the forex market. The less experienced or the more technology-inclined ones use software that can chart market movements. Based on these charts, the traders arrive at entry and exit points. The traders who are not technology-savvy buy trading signals from online brokerages or forex research firms. They also use brokers to guide them in their day-to-day trades.